Creativity Theories And Themes Research Development And Practice Pdf

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By Mark A. An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, the second edition of Creativity is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of creativity Person, Product, Process, Place , the general question of whether creativity is influenced by nature or nurture, what research has indicated of the personality and style of creative individuals from a personality analysis standpoint, and how social context affects creativity.

This wide-ranging work then proceeds to coverage of issues such as gender differences, whether creativity can be enhanced, if creativity is related to poor mental or physical health, and much more. The book contains boxes covering special interest items, including one-page biographies of famous creative individuals, and activities for a group or individual to test or encourage creativity, as well as references to Internet sites relating to creativity.

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Psychologists often speak of people like me as part of the sandwich generation, so named because our parents request our help while our children still need our support.

Typically the sandwich generation implies a stressful life. What is not recognized nearly enough is that people like me, with parents and children actively involved in each and every day of our lives, are the luckiest people alive.

I am enormously happy to be in the middle of the sandwich. Creativity is an important and fascinating topic of study, but difficult to define. This difficulty is due in part to its diverse expression; creativity plays a role in technical innovation, education, business, the arts and sciences, and many other fields. Many famous people have earned their reputations from their creativity; it is sometimes related to expertise and fame.

Other adults are highly creative, though perhaps in the everyday sense of coping, adapting, and solving novel problems. Although there is controversy about children, the view held in this textbook is that they, too, are creative.

They may not be experts or even productive, but they are original and effectively expressive in their art, their dancing and singing, their imaginative play, and their perceptive questioning. It is even possible that children are more creative than adults, given their spontaneity and lack of inhibitions. Unlike adults, children do not rely on past experience, assumptions, and routines. One of the questions addressed in the current volume concerns age differences and developmental trajectories.

Another kind of diversity is apparent in that various cultures seem to have idiosyncratic modes and media for expressing creativity. Diverse expression is one reason that creativity is an important topic for investigation.

Obviously it has the potential to be expressed in many different ways, so what exactly is creative potential? With its role in so many endeavors, we must attempt to answer this question.

We have an obligation to make an attempt to fulfill creative potentials. Creativity is, in a phrase, a vital form of human capital. Creativity both contributes to the information explosion and helps each of us cope and adapt to the resulting challenges. There are numerous approaches to the study of creativity.

Most of these offer something useful, at least if they use reliable methods and sound scholarship. However, the creative process is multifaceted, and worse yet for those trying to define it, it is extremely complex. An eclectic approach is necessary. This textbook captures that eclectic approach to creativity. Creativity plays a role in many everyday activities.

Its role in some of these areas is easy to overlook, in part because the word creativity or adjective creative is not often used when explaining these areas. Creativity plays a significant role in language, for example, and in fact this may be the best example of everyday creativity. It is the creativity of language that demonstrates that it is not entirely acquired through experience and learning. If language depended entirely on experience, we would have difficulty saying things we had not heard before.

Very likely, our nervous system is sensitive to rules and linguistic conventions, and once we acquire a few rules e. These are original we have not heard them before and useful; and as such fit the definition of creativity as original and useful. It may be that creativity plays a role in each of our lives, every day.

This surely sounds like a grand claim, but consider how frequently we use language or are faced with a problem. Think also how often problems are subtle and ill-defined.

Vague and ill-defined but challenging situations can be defined using creative problem definition skills. The point is that creativity plays a role in each of our lives, and it does so very frequently.

Admittedly, there is a debate about this, with some scholars focusing on eminent or unambiguous rather than everyday creativity. That debate is reviewed in the pages that follow, but for now suffice it to say that one premise of this particular volume is that creativity is a potential each of us shares and a talent each of us should employ, probably every day. Creativity may sound a bit like adaptability, and these two things are related. They are not, however, one and the same.

Creativity is associated with but distinct from intelligence, innovation, imagination, insight, and health. Each of these associations is reviewed herein. One of the most important messages found in the current volume is that creativity is a distinct and independent capacity. It plays a role in many things, including problem solving, adaptation, learning, coping, and so on, but it is clearly distinct from each of them.

Creative studies are interdisciplinary. This is reflected in the present volume and its inclusion of behavioral, clinical, cognitive, developmental, economic, educational, evolutionary, historical, organizational, personality, and social perspectives. Not surprisingly, creativity has been defined as a syndrome or complex.

Both of these labels capture the idea that creativity can be expressed in diverse ways e. It is also influenced by many different kinds of things, including personality, genetic make-up, social and environmental setting, and culture.

The notion that creativity is a complex represents one of the most widely accepted views. Each of the major theoretical perspectives on creativity is reviewed in this volume. Some have entire chapters devoted to them. Others, such as evolutionary theory, are discussed within various chapters.

The more important topics and issues, including those mentioned above concerning age differences and everyday creativity are also covered. The last two chapters do not focus on one theoretical perspective. The first of them Chapter 12 focuses on enhancement issues. The second Chapter 13 revisits the definition issues and explores how creativity is related to, but distinct from, other important human capacities and behaviors, including invention, innovation, imagination, and adaptability.

This second edition of Creativity throws an even wider net around the topic of creativity than the first edition. It includes two new chapters. One is devoted to philosophy and creativity Chapter 11 , and the other politics and creativity Chapter The first of these may surprise some readers, given that creativity is often a topic for the social and behavioral sciences, and philosophy is not a science.

Philosophy is, however, very relevant to the scientific study of creativity! Indeed, there is a moderately sized field devoted to the philosophy of science. You might even say that all good science is creative. You might also say that all good philosophy is creative!

The second edition also updates the research, which is still booming. The value of creativity is even more widely recognized now than 5—10 years ago. It was tempting to streamline parts of the book, and in particular to bring together sections from different chapters that deal with the same topic.

Anxiety is, for example, discussed in the chapter on health Chapter 4 , but also in the chapter on personality Chapter 9. The writer in me wanted to discuss anxiety in only one place, but because this is a textbook, I stuck with the rationale for displaced practice.

That means that it is best, for learning, if there is exposure to a new idea, and then time away, and then another exposure to the same idea. I know displaced practice works well, and there are data to support it, some suggesting that it is the best, most effective method for learning of all! Other examples include discussions of domains and marginality.

This is primarily a textbook. It may, however, also be useful to researchers and practitioners, given the emphasis on scholarly, scientific, and objective research and the theories that are constructed from it. It is my hope that this volume will also capture at least some of the intrigue of the fascinating subject. This chapter discusses various aspects of cognition and creativity. Cognitive theories focus on thinking skills and intellectual processes.

The approaches to creative cognition are extremely varied. There are bridges between basic cognitive processes and creative problem solving, as well as connections with intelligence, problem solving, language, and other indications of individual differences. The basic processes are generally nomothetic, meaning that they represent universals.

Divergent thinking is employed when an individual is faced with an open-ended task. From this perspective divergent thinking is a kind of problem solving. Divergent thinking is not synonymous with creative thinking, but it does tell something about the cognitive processes that may lead to original ideas and solutions.

Many theories of creative cognition look to associative processes. Associative theories focus on how ideas are generated and chained together. Cognitive theories of creativity often focus specifically on the problem-solving process.

A problem can be defined as a situation with a goal and an obstacle. The stage models of creative cognition are also elaborated. Trouble with you is the trouble with me.

Creativity: Linking Theory and Practice for Entrepreneurs

An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, the second edition of Creativity is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of creativity Person, Product, Process, Place , the general question of whether creativity is influenced by nature or nurture, what research has indicated of the personality and style of creative individuals from a personality analysis standpoint, and how social context affects creativity. This wide-ranging work then proceeds to coverage of issues such as gender differences, whether creativity can be enhanced, if creativity is related to poor mental or physical health, and much more. The book contains boxes covering special interest items, including one-page biographies of famous creative individuals, and activities for a group or individual to test or encourage creativity, as well as references to Internet sites relating to creativity. Mark Runco has studied creativity and innovation for 35 years. He is co-editor of the Encyclopedia of Creativity , and in he collaborated with the International Center for Studies in Creativity to introduce two new academic journals, Business Creativity and the Creative Economy and the Journal of Genius and Eminence. Convert currency.

The current research aims to analyse ways of conceptualising the term creativity with the help of drawings, as a form of cognitive rendering by primary school students, pedagogy students and primary school teachers. The research seeks to find answers to three questions: What common notions of creativity are held by both primary school pupils and teachers and pedagogy students? Are there any differences in the understanding of this term among these groups of people? How far is the implicit, personal understanding of creativity in line with the scientific notion of this term? The visual ethnography method was applied in the study. Qualitative visual data drawings of pupils, students and teachers were used as the main source of data for analysis in addition to verbal data written descriptions by the participants.

An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, the second edition of Creativity is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of creativity Person, Product, Process, Place , the general question of whether creativity is influenced by nature or nurture, what research has indicated of the personality and style of creative individuals from a personality analysis standpoint, and how social context affects creativity. This wide-ranging work then proceeds to coverage of issues such as gender differences, whether creativity can be enhanced, if creativity is related to poor mental or physical health, and much more. The book contains boxes covering special interest items, including one-page biographies of famous creative individuals, and activities for a group or individual to test or encourage creativity, as well as references to Internet sites relating to creativity. To help people fulfill their capacity for creativity, he has devised a battery of tests that measures creative potential and performance. Abdulla, S. Paek, B.


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Creativity: Theories and Themes: Research, Development, and Practice

Ignoreeri ja kuva leht. Mark A. Suurem pilt. Creative ability - Psychological aspects. Tutvustus Sisukord Autori biograafia Arvustused Goodreads'ist An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, this book is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Runco Published Psychology. An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, the second edition of Creativity is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. Save to Library.

Creativity

An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, this book is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of creativity Person, Product, Process, Place , the general question of whether creativity is influenced by nature or nurture, what research has indicated of the personality and style of creative individuals from a personality analysis standpoint, how social context affects creativity, and then coverage of issues like gender differences, whether creativity can be enhanced, if creativity is related to poor mental or physical health, etc. Researchers and students in personality, social psychology, cognitive psychology, and management. He then taught at Cal State Fullerton for 22 years. Mark also founded the Creativity Research Journal, which he still edits, along with two new journals: Business Creativity and the Creative Economy, and the Journal of Genius and Eminence.

An integrative introduction to the theories and themes in research on creativity, the second edition of Creativity is both a reference work and text for courses in this burgeoning area of research. The book begins with a discussion of the theories of creativity Person, Product, Process, Place , the general question of whether creativity is influenced by nature or nurture, what research has indicated of the personality and style of creative individuals from a personality analysis standpoint, and how social context affects creativity. This wide-ranging work then proceeds to coverage of issues such as gender differences, whether creativity can be enhanced, if creativity is related to poor mental or physical health, and much more.

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