File Name: social and political background of victorian age .zip
- Social Class of the Mid-Victorian Period and its Values
- Social Life in Victorian England
- Victorian era
Social Class of the Mid-Victorian Period and its Values
Although it was a peaceful and prosperous time, there were still issues within the social structure. The social classes of this era included the Upper class, Middle class, and lower class. Those who were fortunate enough to be in the Upper class did not usually perform manual labor. Instead, they were landowners and hired lower class workers to work for them, or made investments to create a profit. This class was divided into three subcategories: Royal, those who came from a royal family, Middle Upper, important officers and lords, and Lower Upper, wealthy men and business owners Victorian England Social Hierarchy. The expansion of the Middle class during this time was due to the rapid growth of cities and the economy. It was.
As seen in Victorian literature, from the s to the s, Britain underwent changes that transformed the lives of its people:. British manufacturing became dominant in the world and trade and the financial sector also grew significantly. The rail network , begun in the s, was largely completed by the s and had a great effect not only on the accessibility of travel and speed of movement but also on the appearance of the countryside. The population grew enormously , from around 12 million in to 25 million by The Victorian age was a turbulent period which, in many ways, saw itself as a time of confident progress. Many people believed that Britain was leading the world into a new and better age :. However, these changes were not always positive.
Victorian literature refers to English literature during the reign of Queen Victoria English writing from this era reflects the major transformation in most aspects of English life, such as significant scientific, economic, and technological advances to changes in class structures and the role of religion in society. Barrett's poem entitled "Cry of the Children," published in , focused on the horrific conditions faced by children working in factories. The popularity of the poem served to shed light on important social and political issues of the day, while also furthering the cause of feminism—cementing her standing as a successful and renowned female poet in a male-dominated world. Charles Dickens is the most famous Victorian novelist. With a focus on strong characterization, Dickens became extraordinarily popular in his day and remains one of the most popular and read authors of the world.
Social Life in Victorian England
The Reform Bill of gave the middle class the political power it needed to consolidate? Industry and commerce burgeoned. While the affluence of the middle class increased, the lower classes, thrown off their land and into the cities to form the great urban working class, lived ever more wretchedly. The social changes were so swift and brutal that Godwinian utopianism rapidly gave way to attempts either to justify the new economic and urban conditions, or to change them. The intellectuals and artists of the age had to deal in some way with the upheavals in society, the obvious inequities of abundance for a few and squalor for many, and, emanating from the throne of Queen Victoria ?
During the Victorian period , Britain was a powerful nation with a rich culture. It had a stable government, a growing state, and an expanding franchise. It also controlled a large empire, and it was wealthy, in part because of its degree of industrialization and its imperial holdings and in spite of the fact that three-fourths or more of its population was working-class. Late in the period, Britain began to decline as a global political and economic power relative to other major powers, particularly the United States, but this decline was not acutely noticeable until after World War II. There is some truth to both sides of this stereotype. Some few educated Victorians did write a lot about sex, including pornography , medical treatises , and psychological studies.
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These are undoubtedly good examples of what was characteristic of the age. However, none of them adequately describes the social attitudes and styles of working people, for example, and even if the values of middle-class men here described were the culturally dominant values, we have to be aware that definitions of Victorianism are subject to different emphases. The Victorian age cannot be seen in terms of a unified set of beliefs or practices, not only because Victoria's reign lasted so long—from to —but also because the age encompassed an extremely diverse group of people with extremely different interests, habits, and attitudes.
Соши прокрутила текст до конца раздела и побелела. - О… Боже ты. - В чем дело? - спросил Джабба. Все прильнули к экрану и сокрушенно ахнули. Крошечная сноска гласила: Предел ошибки составляет 12. Разные лаборатории приводят разные цифры.
Клуб Колдун, - повторил он, напомнив таксисту место назначения. Водитель кивнул, с любопытством разглядывая пассажира в зеркало заднего вида. - Колдун, - пробурчал он себе под нос. - Ну и публика собирается там каждый вечер. ГЛАВА 53 Токуген Нуматака лежал на массажном столе в своем кабинете на верхнем этаже. Личная массажистка разминала затекшие мышцы его шеи.
Один шанс к миллиону. У меня галлюцинация. Когда двери автобуса открылись, молодые люди быстро вскочили внутрь. Беккер напряг зрение. Сомнений не. В ярком свете уличного фонаря на углу Беккер увидел. Молодые люди поднялись по ступенькам, и двигатель автобуса снова взревел.
И что? - воскликнул Джабба. - Человек Стратмора его нашел. Сьюзан, больше не в силах сдержать слезы, разрыдалась.
Стратмор замолчал, словно боясь сказать что-то, о чем ему придется пожалеть. Наконец он поднял голову: - ТРАНСТЕКСТ наткнулся на нечто непостижимое. - Он опять замолчал. Сьюзан ждала продолжения, но его не последовало.