Security And Ethics In Computer Science Pdf

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Keeping data safe is very important for many reasons. There can be very confidential details that people want to keep safe.

Computer Security and Ethics

Computer ethics is a part of practical philosophy concerned with how computing professionals should make decisions regarding professional and social conduct. Maner noticed ethical concerns that were brought up during his Medical Ethics course at Old Dominion University became more complex and difficult when the use of technology and computers became involved. The concept of computer ethics originated in the s with MIT professor Norbert Wiener , the American mathematician and philosopher. While working on anti-aircraft artillery during World War II , Wiener and his fellow engineers developed a system of communication between the part of a cannon that tracked a warplane, the part that performed calculations to estimate a trajectory, and the part responsible for firing. A bit later during the same year, the world's first computer crime was committed. A programmer was able to use a bit of computer code to stop his banking account from being flagged as overdrawn.

Ethical Aspects of Information Security and Privacy

There are various types of malware including spyware, keyloggers, true viruses, worms, or any type of malicious code that infiltrates a computer. Phishing involves sending emails that appear to come from reliable sources such as banks and that try to get users to reveal confidential banking information, which is then used fraudulently. Denial of service attack is a cyber attack where the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet. It refers to hackers driving around with laptops or mobile devices connected to high-powered antennas, scanning for unlocked i. Keylogging is the use of a computer program to record every keystroke made by a computer user, especially in order to gain fraudulent access to passwords and other confidential information. Cracking is different to hacking, Cracking is where someone edits a program source code in a software so that the code can be exploited or changed for a specific purpose.

Questions of ethics and legality are essential in many industries. Doctors, teachers, government officials and business people all have legal and ethical oversight to control how their professions function. Information technology, by contrast, has no overarching standardization in place. However, as information technology becomes increasingly influential, the ethical and legal considerations become similarly relevant. Here are the five most pressing ethical and legal issues confronting the industry today. Most people have their personal data spread throughout the digital world. Even things thought to be secure, such as email or private accounts, can be accessed by unintended sources.

Ethics are a structure of standards and practices that influence how people lead their lives. It is not strictly implemented to follow these ethics, but it is basically for the benefit of everyone that we do. Ethics are unlike laws that legally mandate what is right or wrong. Privacy concerns, intellectual property rights and effects on the society are some of the common issues of computer ethics. GCSE Ethics Resources years An editable PowerPoint lesson presentation Editable revision handouts A glossary which covers the key terminologies of the module Topic mindmaps for visualising the key concepts Printable flashcards to help students engage active recall and confidence-based repetition A quiz with accompanying answer key to test knowledge and understanding of the module View GCSE Ethics Resources. A-Level Ethical Issues years An editable PowerPoint lesson presentation Editable revision handouts A glossary which covers the key terminologies of the module Topic mindmaps for visualising the key concepts Printable flashcards to help students engage active recall and confidence-based repetition A quiz with accompanying answer key to test knowledge and understanding of the module View A-Level Moral and ethical Issues Resources. Table of Contents hide.

5 Legal and Ethical Issues in IT

Describe the types of computer security risks Discuss the types of devices available that protect computers from system failure. Identify ways to safeguard against computer Explain the options available for backing up viruses, worms, Trojan horses, denial of computer resources service attacks, back doors, and spoofing. Identify risks and safeguards associated with Discuss techniques to prevent unauthorized wireless communications computer access and use. Recognize issues related to information Identify safeguards against hardware theft accuracy, rights, and conduct and vandalism.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Today there is a great concern among businesses and individuals about privacy and security while using computers and the Internet. The two topics, privacy and security, are closely related in the computer-industry and on the Internet and there are many questions that overlap each other.

Describe the types of computer security risks Discuss the types of devices available that protect computers from system failure. Identify ways to safeguard against computer Explain the options available for backing up viruses, worms, Trojan horses, denial of computer resources service attacks, back doors, and spoofing. Identify risks and safeguards associated with Discuss techniques to prevent unauthorized wireless communications computer access and use.

Computer Ethics

This chapter reviews ethical aspects of computer and information security and privacy. After an introduction to ethical approaches to information technology, the focus is first on ethical aspects of computer security. These include the moral importance of computer security, the relation between computer security and national security, the morality of hacking and computer crime, the nature of cyberterrorism and information warfare, and the moral responsibilities of information security professionals. Privacy is discussed next. After a discussion of the moral importance of privacy and the impact of information technology on privacy, privacy issues in various information-processing practices are reviewed. A concluding section ties the two topics together.

Ethics is a set of moral principles that govern the behavior of an individual or group of people. Computer ethics is the application of moral principles to the use of computers and the Internet. Examples include intellectual property rights, privacy policies, and online etiquette, or " netiquette ". Computers make it easy to duplicate and redistribute digital content.


detect unsecured wireless networks. Page Wireless Security. In addition to firewalls, some safeguards that.


Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics

Free software, freeware and shareware:

Barquin as a means to create "a set of standards to guide and instruct people in the ethical use of computers. The commandments have been widely quoted in computer ethics literature [4] but also have been criticized by both the hacker community [5] and some in academia. For instance, Dr. Ben Fairweather of the "Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility" has described them as "simplistic" and overly restrictive. ISC2 , one of the thought leaders in the information security industry, has referred to the commandments in developing its own ethics rules.

The following issues are examples of security problems that an organization may have to deal with:. The foundation of all security systems is formed by the moral principles and practices of those people involved and the standards of the profession. That is, while people are part of the solution, they are also most the problem. It is easy to sensationalize these topics with real horror stories; it is more difficult to deal with the underlying ethical issues involved. Computers can be used symbolically to intimidate, deceive or defraud victims. Attorneys, government agencies, and businesses increasingly use mounds of computer generated data quite legally to confound their audiences. Criminals also find useful phony invoices, bills, and checks generated by the computer.

Computer Ethics

Honesty is the underlying principle for all computer use. At one extreme, significant violations of academic integrity may result in penalties including dismissal from the university. More generally, common sense, civility, and respect for another's rights and computer property is as important to our CSE community as proper treatment of our equipment. Adapted with permission from Computer Literacy by Helene G.

Reference to the words profession and ethics in the media is becoming increasingly common as is the incidence of litigation and exposure by individuals and businesses alike to information technology. Yet, the meaning of the terms profession and ethics remains nebulous for most of us. One of the outcomes arising from the recent Y2K situation was an enhanced awareness by society at large of its dependence on IT systems. Y2K also focussed a spotlight on those working in the IT industry with an expectation that they perform their work in a professional manner.

 Врешь. Она ударила его подушкой. - Рассказывай. Немедленно. Но Дэвид знал, что никогда ей этого не откроет.

Ни он, ни Сьюзан не услышали тихих шагов в направлении Третьего узла. ГЛАВА 60 По зеркальному коридору Двухцветный отправился с наружной террасы в танцевальный зал.

 А коммандер? - спросил. Бринкерхофф покачал головой. Человек ничего не сказал, задумался на мгновение, а потом обратился к Сьюзан. - Лиланд Фонтейн, - представился он, протягивая руку.  - Я рад, что вы живы-здоровы.

Фил Чатрукьян не оставил ему выбора. Когда запыхавшийся сотрудник лаборатории безопасности завопил о вирусе, Стратмор, столкнувшийся с ним на лестнице служебного помещения, попытался наставить его на путь истинный. Но Чатрукьян отказывался прислушаться к голосу разума.

Еще одна спираль. Ему все время казалось, что Беккер совсем рядом, за углом. Одним глазом он следил за тенью, другим - за ступенями под ногами. Вдруг Халохоту показалось, что тень Беккера как бы споткнулась.

Chapter 8 – Security and Ethics

Я отказался взять кольцо, а эта фашистская свинья его схватила. Беккер убрал блокнот и ручку. Игра в шарады закончилась. Дело принимает совсем дурной оборот.

Если твоя проверка выявила нечто необычное, то лишь потому, что это сделали мы. А теперь, если не возражаешь… - Стратмор не договорил, но Чатрукьян понял его без слов. Ему предложили исчезнуть. - Диагностика, черт меня дери! - бормотал Чатрукьян, направляясь в свою лабораторию.  - Что же это за цикличная функция, над которой три миллиона процессоров бьются уже шестнадцать часов.

 Внешний файл. Вы не шутите. - Если бы я шутил… Я поставил его вчера в одиннадцать тридцать вечера. Шифр до сих пор не взломан.

Внезапно он почувствовал страх, которого никогда не испытывал. Беккер наклонил голову и открыл дроссель до конца. Веспа шла с предельной скоростью.

И горячей воды. Беккер почувствовал комок в горле. - Когда она уезжает. Двухцветный словно будто только что очнулся.

Четыре года назад конгресс, стремясь создать новый стандарт шифрования, поручил лучшим математикам страны, иными словами - сотрудникам АНБ, написать новый супералгоритм. Конгресс собирался принять закон, объявляющий этот новый алгоритм национальным стандартом, что должно было решить проблему несовместимости, с которой сталкивались корпорации, использующие разные алгоритмы. Конечно, просить АН Б приложить руку к совершенствованию системы общего пользования - это все равно что предложить приговоренному к смертной казни самому сколотить себе гроб. ТРАНСТЕКСТ тогда еще не был создан, и принятие стандарта лишь облегчило бы процесс шифрования и значительно затруднило АНБ выполнение его и без того нелегкой задачи.

Уверяю вас, он стоит этих денег.

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