File Name: security and ethics in computer science .zip
- Computer Security and Ethics
- Ethical Aspects of Information Security and Privacy
- 5 Legal and Ethical Issues in IT
- Computer Ethics
Keeping data safe is very important for many reasons. There can be very confidential details that people want to keep safe.
Computer Security and Ethics
Computer ethics is a part of practical philosophy concerned with how computing professionals should make decisions regarding professional and social conduct. Maner noticed ethical concerns that were brought up during his Medical Ethics course at Old Dominion University became more complex and difficult when the use of technology and computers became involved. The concept of computer ethics originated in the s with MIT professor Norbert Wiener , the American mathematician and philosopher. While working on anti-aircraft artillery during World War II , Wiener and his fellow engineers developed a system of communication between the part of a cannon that tracked a warplane, the part that performed calculations to estimate a trajectory, and the part responsible for firing. A bit later during the same year, the world's first computer crime was committed. A programmer was able to use a bit of computer code to stop his banking account from being flagged as overdrawn.
Ethical Aspects of Information Security and Privacy
There are various types of malware including spyware, keyloggers, true viruses, worms, or any type of malicious code that infiltrates a computer. Phishing involves sending emails that appear to come from reliable sources such as banks and that try to get users to reveal confidential banking information, which is then used fraudulently. Denial of service attack is a cyber attack where the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet. It refers to hackers driving around with laptops or mobile devices connected to high-powered antennas, scanning for unlocked i. Keylogging is the use of a computer program to record every keystroke made by a computer user, especially in order to gain fraudulent access to passwords and other confidential information. Cracking is different to hacking, Cracking is where someone edits a program source code in a software so that the code can be exploited or changed for a specific purpose.
Questions of ethics and legality are essential in many industries. Doctors, teachers, government officials and business people all have legal and ethical oversight to control how their professions function. Information technology, by contrast, has no overarching standardization in place. However, as information technology becomes increasingly influential, the ethical and legal considerations become similarly relevant. Here are the five most pressing ethical and legal issues confronting the industry today. Most people have their personal data spread throughout the digital world. Even things thought to be secure, such as email or private accounts, can be accessed by unintended sources.
Ethics are a structure of standards and practices that influence how people lead their lives. It is not strictly implemented to follow these ethics, but it is basically for the benefit of everyone that we do. Ethics are unlike laws that legally mandate what is right or wrong. Privacy concerns, intellectual property rights and effects on the society are some of the common issues of computer ethics. GCSE Ethics Resources years An editable PowerPoint lesson presentation Editable revision handouts A glossary which covers the key terminologies of the module Topic mindmaps for visualising the key concepts Printable flashcards to help students engage active recall and confidence-based repetition A quiz with accompanying answer key to test knowledge and understanding of the module View GCSE Ethics Resources. A-Level Ethical Issues years An editable PowerPoint lesson presentation Editable revision handouts A glossary which covers the key terminologies of the module Topic mindmaps for visualising the key concepts Printable flashcards to help students engage active recall and confidence-based repetition A quiz with accompanying answer key to test knowledge and understanding of the module View A-Level Moral and ethical Issues Resources. Table of Contents hide.
5 Legal and Ethical Issues in IT
Describe the types of computer security risks Discuss the types of devices available that protect computers from system failure. Identify ways to safeguard against computer Explain the options available for backing up viruses, worms, Trojan horses, denial of computer resources service attacks, back doors, and spoofing. Identify risks and safeguards associated with Discuss techniques to prevent unauthorized wireless communications computer access and use. Recognize issues related to information Identify safeguards against hardware theft accuracy, rights, and conduct and vandalism.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Today there is a great concern among businesses and individuals about privacy and security while using computers and the Internet. The two topics, privacy and security, are closely related in the computer-industry and on the Internet and there are many questions that overlap each other.
Describe the types of computer security risks Discuss the types of devices available that protect computers from system failure. Identify ways to safeguard against computer Explain the options available for backing up viruses, worms, Trojan horses, denial of computer resources service attacks, back doors, and spoofing. Identify risks and safeguards associated with Discuss techniques to prevent unauthorized wireless communications computer access and use.
This chapter reviews ethical aspects of computer and information security and privacy. After an introduction to ethical approaches to information technology, the focus is first on ethical aspects of computer security. These include the moral importance of computer security, the relation between computer security and national security, the morality of hacking and computer crime, the nature of cyberterrorism and information warfare, and the moral responsibilities of information security professionals. Privacy is discussed next. After a discussion of the moral importance of privacy and the impact of information technology on privacy, privacy issues in various information-processing practices are reviewed. A concluding section ties the two topics together.
Ethics is a set of moral principles that govern the behavior of an individual or group of people. Computer ethics is the application of moral principles to the use of computers and the Internet. Examples include intellectual property rights, privacy policies, and online etiquette, or " netiquette ". Computers make it easy to duplicate and redistribute digital content.
detect unsecured wireless networks. Page Wireless Security. In addition to firewalls, some safeguards that.
Free software, freeware and shareware:
Barquin as a means to create "a set of standards to guide and instruct people in the ethical use of computers. The commandments have been widely quoted in computer ethics literature  but also have been criticized by both the hacker community  and some in academia. For instance, Dr. Ben Fairweather of the "Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility" has described them as "simplistic" and overly restrictive. ISC2 , one of the thought leaders in the information security industry, has referred to the commandments in developing its own ethics rules.
The following issues are examples of security problems that an organization may have to deal with:. The foundation of all security systems is formed by the moral principles and practices of those people involved and the standards of the profession. That is, while people are part of the solution, they are also most the problem. It is easy to sensationalize these topics with real horror stories; it is more difficult to deal with the underlying ethical issues involved. Computers can be used symbolically to intimidate, deceive or defraud victims. Attorneys, government agencies, and businesses increasingly use mounds of computer generated data quite legally to confound their audiences. Criminals also find useful phony invoices, bills, and checks generated by the computer.