File Name: nursing fundamentals fluids and electrolytes outline .zip
October , Volume Number 10 , page 52 - 55 [Free]. Join NursingCenter to get uninterrupted access to this Article. Normal fluid and electrolyte balance is critical to maintaining overall normal body functions.
- Fluid and Electrolyte Series: Balancing act: Hypomagnesemia & hypermagnesemia
- The importance of fluid balance in clinical practice
- Overview of Electrolytes
The regulation of body fluid balance is a key concern in health and disease and comprises three concepts.
Fluid and Electrolyte Series: Balancing act: Hypomagnesemia & hypermagnesemia
Homeostasis is the dynamic process in which the body maintains balance by constantly adjusting to internal and external stimuli. Nurses need an understanding of the pathophysiology of fluid and electrolyte balance to anticipate, identify, and respond to possible imbalances. Causes of fluid and electrolyte imbalances are discussed below in general. Treatment of fluid and volume imbalances needs accuracy to avoid consequences that can result in complications. Nurses may use effective teaching and communication skills to help prevent and treat various fluid and electrolyte disturbances. Evaluation of the care plan can check the effectiveness of the treatments.
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The importance of fluid balance in clinical practice
In this article, the last in a four-part series, we explore fluid maintenance with particular reference to disorders of the pituitary gland. Fluid management techniques and related nursing care are also covered. Body fluids are mainly water and electrolytes, and the three main organs that regulate fluid balance are the brain, the adrenal glands and the kidneys Tortora and Grabowski, One-third of the total is circulatory fluid, sometimes known as extracellular fluid ECF ; the remainder is intracellular fluid ICF contained within cells Docherty and McIntyre, ; Edwards The anatomy and physiology of homeostasis are covered in part one of this series. Most tissues contain a lot of water bones and adipose tissue are the two main exceptions.
PDF | Optional function of body systems depends upon fluid and electrolyte balance; Nurses play a major role in the management of fluid and electrolyte balance. the fundamentals of fluid and elec- of fluid balance regulation, outlines the principles of patient assessment and indications for IV fluid.
Overview of Electrolytes
This article reviews the physiology that underpins normal fluid balance and discusses how fluid balance can be affected by illness. Clinical assessment of hydration and the importance of fluid balance record keeping are explained. Recommendations are made to improve fluid balance management in clinical practice and the professional importance of record keeping is highlighted.
Well over half of the body's weight is made up of water. Doctors think about the body's water as being restricted to various spaces, called fluid compartments. The three main compartments are. Some minerals —especially the macrominerals minerals the body needs in relatively large amounts —are important as electrolytes. Electrolytes are minerals that carry an electric charge when they are dissolved in a liquid such as blood.
Learning Outcomes 1. Discuss the function, distribution, movement, and regulation of fluids and electrolytes in the body. Describe the regulation of acidbase balance in the body, including the roles of the lungs, the kidneys and buffers. Identify factors affecting normal body fluid, electrolyte, and acidbase balance.
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