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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. However, the lived meaning of nursing as caring can best be understood by the study of a nursing situation.

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nursing theories and nursing practice 2nd edition by marilyn parker

Marilyn E. Davis Company All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher.

Forgione As new scientic information becomes available through basic and clinical research, recommended treatments and drug therapies undergo changes. The authors and publisher have done everything possible to make this book accurate, up to date, and in accord with accepted standards at the time of publication.

The authors, editors, and publisher are not responsible for errors or omissions or for consequences from application of the book, and make no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to the contents of the book. Any practice described in this book should be applied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used in regard to the unique circumstances that may apply in each situation. The reader is advised always to check product information package inserts for changes and new information regarding dose and contraindications before administering any drug.

Caution is especially urged when using new or infrequently ordered drugs. Parker2nd ed. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN X 1. Nursing TheoryBiography. WY 86 N ] I. Parker, Marilyn E. N For those organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by CCC, a separate system of payment has been arranged. Preface to the Second Edition This book offers the perspective that nursing theory is essentially connected with nursing practice, research, education, and development.

Nursing theories, regardless of complexity or abstraction, reect nursing and are used by nurses to frame their thinking, action, and being in the world.

As guides for nursing endeavors, nursing theories are practical in nature and facilitate communication with those being nursed as well as with colleagues, students, and persons practicing in related health and illness services. At the same time, all aspects of nursing are essential for developing and evolving nursing theory. It is hoped that these pages make clear the interrelations of nursing theory and various nursing endeavors and that the discipline and practice of nursing will thus be advanced.

This very special book is intended to honor the work of nursing theorists and nurses who use these theories in their day-to-day nursing care, by reecting and presenting the unique contributions of eminent nursing thinkers and doers of our lifetimes. Our foremost nursing theorists have written for this book or their work has been described by nurses who have thorough knowledge of the theorists work and who have a deep respect for the theorist as person, nurse, and scholar.

Indeed, to the extent possible, contributing authors have been selected by theorists to write about their theoretical work. The pattern for each chapter was developed by each author or team of authors according to their individual thinking and writing styles, as well as the scientic perspectives of the chapter.

This freedom of format has helped to encourage the latest and best thinking of contributing authors; several authors have shared the insight that in preparing a chapter for this book, their work has become more full and complete. This book is intended to assist nursing students in undergraduate, masters, and doctoral nursing programs to explore and appreciate nursing theories and their use in nursing practice and scholarship.

In addition and in response to calls from practicing nurses, this book is intended for use by those who desire to enrich their practice by the study of nursing theories and related illustrations of nursing practice and scholarship. The rst section of the book provides an overview of nursing theory and a focus for thinking about evaluating and choosing nursing theory for use in nursing practice.

An outline at the beginning of each chapter provides a map for the chapter. Selected points are highlighted in each chapter.

An instructors manual has been prepared for this book; it reects the experiences of many who have both met the challenges and who have had such a good time teaching and learning nursing theory in undergraduate and graduate nursing programs. The design of this book highlights work of nurses who were thinking and writing about nursing up to 50 years ago or more.

Building then, as now, on the writings of Florence Nightingale, these nurse scholars have provided essential inuences for the evolution of nursing theory. These inuences can be seen in the theory presentations in the section of the book that includes the nursing theories that are most in use today. The last section of this book features theorists who initially developed nursing theories at the middle range, a conceptual model for nursing practice in community, and an emerging theory of technology in nursing.

These contributing authors describe development processes and perspectives on their work, giving us a variety of views for the future as we move into the twenty-rst century. Each chapter of the book includes both descriptions of a particular theory and the use of the theory in nursing practice, research, education, and administration. For the latest and best thinking of some of nursings nest scholars, all nurses who read and use this book will be grateful.

For the continuing commitment of these scholars to our discipline and practice of nursing, we are all thankful.

Continuing to learn and share what you love keeps the work and the love alive, nurtures the commitment, and offers both fun and frustration along the way. This has been illustrated in the enthusiasm for this book shared by many nursing theorists and contributing authors who have worked to create this book and by those who have added their efforts to make it live.

For me, it has been a joy to renew friendships with colleagues who have joined me in preparing this book and to nd new friends and colleagues as contributing authors. Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice, now in the second edition, has roots in a series of nursing theory conferences held in South Florida beginning in and ending when efforts to cope with the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew interrupted the energy and resources needed for planning and offering the Fifth South Florida Nursing Theory Conference.

Many of the theorists in this book addressed audiences of mostly practicing nurses at these conferences. For me, even deeper roots of this book are found early in my nursing career, when I seriously considered leaving nursing for the study of pharmacy. In my fatigue and frustration, mixed with youthful hope and desire for more education, I could not answer the question What is nursing?

Why should I continue this work? Why should I seek degrees in a eld that I could not dene? After reecting on these questions and using them to examine my nursing, I could nd no one who would consider the questions with me. I remember being asked, Why would you ask that question? Youre a nurse; you must surely know what nursing is. Such responses, along with a drive for serious consideration of my questions, led me to the library.

I clearly remember reading several descriptions of nursing that, I thought, could have just as well have been about social work or physical therapy. I then found nursing dened and explained in a book about education of practical nurses written by Dorothea Orem. During the weeks that followed, as I did my work of nursing in the hospital, I explored Orems ideas about why people need nursing, nursings purposes, and what nurses do.

I found a t of her ideas, as I understood them, with my practice, and I learned that I could go even further to explain and design nursing according to these ways of thinking about nursing. I discovered that nursing shared some knowledge and practices with other services, such as pharmacy and medicine, and I began to distinguish nursing from these related elds of practice.

I decided to stay in nursing and made plans to study and work with Dorothea Orem. In addition to learning about nursing theory and its meaning in all we do, I learned from Dorothea that nursing is a unique discipline of knowledge and professional practice. In many ways, my earliest questions about nursing have guided my subsequent study and work.

Most of what I have done in nursing has been a continuation of my initial experience of the interrelations of all aspects of nursing scholarship, including the scholarship that is nursing practice. Over the years, I have been privileged to work with many nursing scholars, some of whom are featured in this book. My love for nursing and my respect for our discipline and practice have deepened, and knowing now that these values are so often shared is a singular joy.

Many faculty colleagues and students continue to help me study nursing and have contributed to this book in ways I would never have adequate words to acknowledge. I have been fortunate to hold faculty appointments in universities where nursing theory has been honored and am especially fortunate today to be in a College of Nursing where faculty and students often ground our teaching, scholarship, and practice in nursing theory.

I am grateful to my knowledgeable colleagues who reviewed and offered helpful suggestions for chapters of this book, and I am grateful to those who contributed as chapter authors. It is also our good fortune that many nursing theorists and other nursing scholars live in or willingly visit our lovely state of Florida.

During the preparation of the rst edition of this book, nursing lost three of the theorists acclaimed in this book as essential inuences on the evolution of nursing theory. Ernestine Wiedenbach died in the spring of As the book was being prepared for production, word came of the death of Dorothy Johnson. Hildegard Peplau died in March of Typical of their commitments to nursing, both Dorothy Johnson and Hildegard Peplau had told me of their interests in this project; they advised me on the authors they would like to have prepare the chapters on their theories and had asked to be given updates on our progress.

This book began during a visit with Joanne DaCunha, an expert nurse and editor for F. Davis Company, who has seen it to publication with what I believe is her love of nursing. I am grateful for her wisdom, kindness, and understanding of nursing. Caryn Abramowitzs respect for the purposes of this book and for the special contributions of the authors has been matched only by her ne attention to detail.

Marguerite Purnell assisted with the rst edition of this book, and Judy Czernda, a current doctoral student, has provided invaluable help with aspects of the second edition. I thank my husband, Terry Worden, for his abiding love and for always being willing to help, and my niece, Cherie Parker, who represents many nurses who inspire the work of this book.

Parker West Palm Beach, Florida. Nursing Theorists Charlotte D. Contributing Authors Patricia D. Gail J. Ann R. Marilyn R. Theris A. Consultants Catherine A.

Perspectives on Nursing Theory An introduction to nursing theory includes: denitions of nursing theory, nursing theory and nursing knowledge, types of nursing theory, and nursings need for theory. Choosing, analyzing, and evaluating nursing theory focuses on questions from practicing nurses about studying and using nursing theory, a guide for choosing a theory to study, and several frameworks for theory analysis and evaluation.

A guide for the study of nursing theory for use in nursing practice is presented, along with questions for selecting theory for use in nursing administration and a chapter for evaluating nursing theory resources. Evolution of Nursing Theory: Essential Inuences This section opens with a chapter on Florence Nightingale and a description of her profound inuence on the discipline and practice of nursing.

Subsequent chapters present major nursing theories that have both reected and inuenced nursing practice, education, research, and ongoing theory development in nursing during the last half of the twentieth century and into the new century.

Nursing Theory in Nursing Practice, Education, Research, and Administration The major nursing theories in use today in the beginning of the twenty-rst century are presented in this section. Most chapters about particular nursing theories are written by the theorists themselves. Some chapters are written by nurses with advanced knowledge about particular nursing theories; these authors have been acknowledged by specic theorists as experts in presenting their work.

Each chapter also includes illustratrations of the use of the theory in nursing practice, research, education, or administration. Nursing Theory: Illustrating Processes of Development This section includes four quite different chapters on processes and products of thinking about nursing theory and nursing practice.

Nursing theories and nursing practice

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Search this Guide Search. Introductory Readings. Roy, C. Adaptation: A conceptual framework for nursing. Nursing Outlook, 18 3 ,

Marilyn E. Davis Company All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher.

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Прохладный ветерок кондиционера напомнил ему о жаре на улице. Он представил себе, как бредет, обливаясь потом, по душным, пропитанным запахом наркотиков улицам Трианы, пытаясь разыскать девчонку-панка в майке с британским флагом на груди, и снова подумал о Сьюзан. - Zumo de arandano, - с удивлением услышал он собственный голос.

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    Preceded by Nursing theories and nursing practice / [edited by] Marilyn E. Parker, Marlaine C. Smith. 3rd ed. c Includes bibliographical references and.

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