Pdf On Ethical And Social Issues Faced By Network Administrator

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Legal and Ethical Issues Regarding Social Media and Pharmacy Education

Physicians, attorneys and other professionals whose job duties affect others' lives usually receive, as part of their formal training, courses that address ethical issues common to their professions. IT security personnel often have access to confidential data and knowledge about individuals' and companies' networks and systems that give them a great deal of power.

That power can be abused, either deliberately or inadvertently. But there are no standardized training requirements for hanging out your shingle as an IT security consultant or in-house security specialist. Associations and organizations for IT pros are beginning to address the ethical side of the job, but again, there is no requirement for IT security personnel to belong to those organizations. The education and training of IT professionals, including security specialists, usually focuses on technical knowledge and skills.

You learn how to perform tasks, but with little consideration of how those abilities can be misused. In fact, many IT professionals approach their work with a hacker's perspective: whatever you can do, you're entitled to do. Note: In this article, we're using the word hacker in the current common meaning, pertaining to "black hat" hackers who use their skills to break into systems and access data and programs without the permission of the owners.

We're well aware that the term originally referred to anyone with advanced programming skills, and that there are "white hat hackers" who use their skills to help companies and individuals protect against the black hats. In fact, many IT pros don't even realize that their jobs involve ethical issues. Yet we make decisions on a daily basis that raise ethical questions. Should you read the private e-mail of your network users just because you can?

Is it OK to read employees' e-mail as a security measure to ensure that sensitive company information isn't being disclosed? Is it OK to read employees' e-mail to ensure that company rules for instance, against personal use of the e-mail system aren't being violated?

If you do read employees' e-mail, should you disclose that policy to them? Before or after the fact? Remember that we're not talking about legal questions here. A company may very well have the legal right to monitor everything an employee does with its computer equipment. We're talking about the ethical aspects of having the ability to do so. As a network administrator or security professional, you have rights and privileges that allow you to access most of the data on the systems on your network.

You may even be able to access encrypted data if you have access to the recovery agent account. What you do with those abilities depends in part on your particular job duties for example, if monitoring employee mail is a part of your official job description and in part on your personal ethical beliefs about these issues. A common concept in any ethics discussion is the "slippery slope. In looking at the list of privacy issues above, it's easy to justify each of the actions described.

But it's also easy to see how each of those actions could "morph" into much less justifiable actions. The slippery slope concept can also go beyond using your IT skills. If it's OK to read other employees' e-mail, is it also OK to go through their desk drawers when they aren't there? To open their briefcases or purses? What if your perusal of random documents reveals company trade secrets?

What if you later leave the company and go to work for a competitor? Is it wrong to use that knowledge in your new job? Would it be "more wrong" if you printed out those documents and took them with you, than if you just relied on your memory?

What if the documents you read showed that the company was violating government regulations or laws? Do you have a moral obligation to turn them in, or are you ethically bound to respect your employer's privacy?

Would it make a difference if you signed a nondisclosure agreement when you accepted the job? IT and security consultants who do work for multiple companies have even more ethical issues to deal with. If you learn things about one of your clients that might affect your other client s , where does your loyalty lie? Then there are money issues. The proliferation of network attacks, hacks, viruses and other threats to their IT infrastructures have caused many companies to "be afraid, be very afraid.

Is it wrong for you to charge hundreds or even thousands of dollars per hour for your services, or is it a case of "whatever the market will bear?

Is it wrong for you to mark up the equipment and software that you get for the customer when you pass the cost through? What about kickbacks from equipment manufacturers? Is it wrong to accept "commissions" from them for persuading your clients to go with their products? Or what if the connection is more subtle? Is it wrong to steer your clients toward the products of companies in which you hold stock? Another ethical issue involves promising more than you can deliver, or manipulating data to obtain higher fees.

You can install technologies and configure settings to make a client's network more secure, but you can never make it completely secure. Is it wrong to talk a client into replacing their current firewalls with those of a different manufacturer, or switching to an open source operating system — which changes, coincidentally, will result in many more billable hours for you — on the premise that this is the answer to their security problems?

Here's another scenario: What if a client asks you to save money by cutting out some of the security measures that you recommended, yet your analysis of the client's security needs shows that sensitive information will be at risk if you do so? Should you go ahead and configure the network in a less secure manner? Should you "eat" the cost and install the extra security measures at no cost to the client? Should you refuse to do the job?

Would it make a difference if the client's business were in a regulated industry, and implementing the lower security standards would constitute a violation of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, the Graham-Leach-Bliley Act, Sarbanes-Oxley or other laws? This article has raised a lot of questions, but has not attempted to provide set answers. That's because, ultimately, the answer to the question "Is it ethical?

Unlike older, more established professions such as medicine and law, most ethical issues that IT and security professionals confront have not been codified into law, nor is there a standard mandatory oversight body, such as the national or state medical association or bar association, that has established a detailed code of ethics.

However, the question of ethical behavior in the IT professions is beginning to be addressed. Voluntary professional associations such as the Association for Computing Machinery ACM have developed their own codes of ethics and professional conduct, which can serve as a guideline for individuals and other organizations. For very detailed discussions of both technological and non-technological ethical issues that face IT pros from systems admins to programmers to ISPs, see Stephen Northcutt's book IT Ethics Handbook , published by Syngress.

She is also a tech editor, developmental editor and contributor to more than 20 additional books. NET Magazine. She has authored training material, corporate whitepapers, marketing material, and product documentation for Microsoft Corp.

She lives and works in the Dallas-Fort Worth area and can be reached at deb shinder. Here are the latest Insider stories. More Insider Sign Out. Sign In Register. Sign Out Sign In Register.

Latest Insider. Check out the latest Insider stories here. More from the IDG Network. Book excerpt: Spies Among Us. Simple Solutions to Tricky Workplace Challenges. The Security Risks of Desktop Searches.

Why are ethical guidelines needed?

System Administrators' Code of Ethics

We highlight the many developments in the digitizing society that appear to be at odds with six recurring themes revealing from our analysis of the scientific literature on the dominant technologies: privacy, autonomy, security, human dignity, justice, and balance of power. This study shows that the new wave of digitization is putting pressure on these public values. In order to effectively shape the digital society in a socially and ethically responsible way, stakeholders need to have a clear understanding of what such issues might be. Supervision has been developed the most in the areas of privacy and data protection. For other ethical issues concerning digitization such as discrimination, autonomy, human dignity and unequal balance of power, the supervision is not as well organized.

Networks are overburdened as a new flood of data from IoT devices have begun streaming in from every corner of the globe. Network administrators have always been part hardware troubleshooter, cable slinger, and monitor of data. Not to mention security across all these access points. The goal of the network administrator is still high availability, where users experience continual access with no network failures from hardware, software, or security breaches. These new architectures demand a global network to fit an expanding and distributed customer pool. How well network administrators respond to these demands will literally make or break an organization in the future.

Business ethics also known as corporate ethics is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics , that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations. These norms, values, ethical, and unethical practices are the principles that guide a business. They help those businesses maintain a better connection with their stakeholders. Business ethics refers to contemporary organizational standards, principles, sets of values and norms that govern the actions and behavior of an individual in the business organization.

System Administrators' Code of Ethics

We as professional System Administrators do hereby commit ourselves to the highest standards of ethical and professional conduct, and agree to be guided by this code of ethics, and encourage every System Administrator to do the same. Skip to main content. Sign In Search. Donate Today.

Societal and ethical issues of digitization

Physicians, attorneys and other professionals whose job duties affect others' lives usually receive, as part of their formal training, courses that address ethical issues common to their professions. IT security personnel often have access to confidential data and knowledge about individuals' and companies' networks and systems that give them a great deal of power.

Ethical issues for IT security professionals

Widespread use of social media applications like Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter has introduced new complexities to the legal and ethical environment of higher education. Social communications have traditionally been considered private; however, now that much of this information is published online to the public, more insight is available to students' attitudes, opinions, and character. Pharmacy educators and administrators may struggle with the myriad of ethical and legal issues pertaining to social media communications and relationships with and among students. This article seeks to clarify some of these issues with a review of the legal facets and pertinent court cases related to social media. In addition, 5 core ethical issues are identified and discussed. The article concludes with recommendations for pharmacy educators with regard to preparing for and addressing potential legal issues pertaining to social media. The popularity of new social media applications such as YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, and Blogger has increased rapidly in recent years.

Those who work on issues of ethics are among the few professionals not suffering from the current economic downturn. The last decade has brought an escalating supply of moral meltdowns in both the for-profit and the nonprofit sectors. Corporate misconduct has received the greatest attention, in part because the abuses are so egregious and the costs so enormous. Still, the corporate sector has no monopoly on greed. Consider EduCap Inc.

ОБЪЕКТ: ДЭВИД БЕККЕР - ЛИКВИДИРОВАН Коммандер опустил голову. Его мечте не суждено сбыться. ГЛАВА 104 Сьюзан вышла из комнаты. ОБЪЕКТ: ДЭВИД БЕККЕР - ЛИКВИДИРОВАН Как во сне она направилась к главному выходу из шифровалки. Голос Грега Хейла эхом отдавался в ее сознании: Сьюзан, Стратмор меня убьет, коммандер влюблен в .

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Набирая скорость, оно столкнуло в сторону Пежо-504, отбросив его на газон разделительной полосы. Беккер миновал указатель Центр Севильи - 2 км. Если бы ему удалось затеряться в центральной части города, у него был бы шанс спастись. Спидометр показывал 60 миль в час. До поворота еще минуты две. Он знал, что этого времени у него .

 - Она сдвинула брови, задумавшись, почему ТРАНСТЕКСТ за весь день не взломал ни единого шифра.  - Позволь мне кое-что проверить, - сказала она, перелистывая отчет. Найдя то, что искала, Мидж пробежала глазами цифры и минуту спустя кивнула: - Ты прав, Чед. ТРАНСТЕКСТ работал на полную мощность. Расход энергии даже чуть выше обычного: более полумиллиона киловатт-часов с полуночи вчерашнего дня. - И что все это .

Ее черный лоснящийся верх поднимался на двадцать три фута, а сама она уходила далеко вниз, под пол. Своей гладкой окружной формой она напоминала дельфина-косатку, застывшего от холода в схваченном морозом море. Это был ТРАНСТЕКСТ, компьютер, равного которому не было в мире, - шифровальная машина, засекреченная агентством. Подобно айсбергу машина скрывала девяносто процентов своей массы и мощи под поверхностью. Ее секрет был спрятан в керамических шахтах, уходивших на шесть этажей вниз; ее похожий на ракету корпус окружал лабиринт подвесных лесов и кабелей, из-под которых слышалось шипение фреоновой системы охлаждения. Генераторы внизу производили постоянный низкочастотный гул, что делало акустику в шифровалке какой-то загробной, присущей миру призраков. ТРАНСТЕКСТ, подобно всем великим технологическим достижениям, появился на свет в силу необходимости.

3 - Да! - скомандовал Фонтейн.  - Нажимайте. Сьюзан задержала дыхание и опустила палец на клавишу Ввод. Компьютер издал звуковой сигнал.

И он попытался сделать это в одиночку. Похоже, он и на сей раз добьется своей цели. Ключ совсем. Танкадо мертв. Партнер Танкадо обнаружен.

 - Он направился к полке с ячейками для ключей и почты. - Быть может, я мог бы позвонить в номер и… - Простите, - сказал консьерж, и вся его любезность мгновенно улетучилась.  - В Альфонсо Тринадцатом строгие правила охраны приватности постояльцев. Беккера не устраивала перспектива ждать десять часов, пока тучный немец со своей спутницей спустятся к завтраку. - Я понимаю, - сказал .

 Не могу вспомнить… - Клушар явно терял последние силы. - Подумайте, - продолжал настаивать Беккер.

3 Response
  1. Taiel B.

    PDF | The unprecedented development of online social networks also the moral responsibility of the social network sites administrators This is the stage where social media exists, in which each user has a face like a blog.

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