File Name: architecture and town planning lecture notes .zip
- Architecture-Town planning
- Land-use planning
- Urban Planning and Smart Cities: Interrelations and Reciprocities
Refer handouts section.
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Concept of Planning. Planning means pre-thinking and pre-arranging things before an event takes place so as to achieve good results in health, convenience, comfort and happiness of all living beings. By careful planning, we can eradicate the mistakes of the past and be wiser in the future. Town or city is a place of urban living. Urban means an environment in which natural surroundings have been dominated by artificial or man-made surroundings, which man builds for himself-for his living, working and recreation.
Land-use planning is the process of regulating the use of land by a central authority. Usually, this is done in an effort to promote more desirable social and environmental outcomes as well as a more efficient use of resources. More specifically, the goals of modern land-use planning often include environmental conservation , restraint of urban sprawl , minimization of transport costs, prevention of land use conflicts , and a reduction in exposure to pollutants. In the pursuit of these goals, planners assume that regulating the use of land will change the patterns of human behavior, and that these changes are beneficial. The first assumption, that regulating land-use changes the patterns of human behavior is widely accepted. However, the second assumption - that these changes are beneficial - is contested, and depends on the location and regulations being discussed.
After the industrial revolution took place in the towns and cities become overcrowded. And this has resulted in the haphazard development, chaos and disorder of the town. As such there is waste of time, money and energy. Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search. User Settings.
Urban Planning and Smart Cities: Interrelations and Reciprocities
Я тоже хотел бы с ней покувыркаться. Заплачу кучу денег. Хотя спектакль и показался достаточно убедительным, но Беккер зашел слишком .
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Ч-что произошло. - То, что ты проиграл, а больше. Итак, где ключ. Хейл попытался пошевелить руками, но понял, что накрепко связан. На лице его появилось выражение животного страха.
Секундой позже произошло столкновение, и Стратмор, сбитый с ног, кубарем покатился по кафельному полу шифровалки. Это был Хейл, примчавшийся на звук пейджера. Сьюзан услышала стук беретты, выпавшей из руки Стратмора.
Мне сказали, что вы сегодня отличились. Вы позволите поговорить с вами об. Беккер заколебался.
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