File Name: community and environmental health .zip
- LESSON 1: THE CONCEPTS OF COMMUNITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
- What is Environmental Health?
- Environmental Effects on Public Health: An Economic Perspective
This involves examining and evaluating the effects of chemicals made by humans on human health or wildlife and how the ecological systems impact the spread of illnesses.
In this article we critically review the economic literature on the effects of environmental changes on public health, in both the developed and the developing world. Then, we explain how the monetary valuations of these effects can feed back in the construction of economic policy for creating agent-specific incentives for more efficient public health management, which is also equitable and environmentally sustainable. Our exposition is accompanied by a synthesis of the available quantitative empirical results. Every minute, five children in developing countries die from malaria or diarrhoea. Every hour, children die as a result of exposure to indoor smoke from solid fuels.
LESSON 1: THE CONCEPTS OF COMMUNITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
What is Environmental Health?
Previous research has suggested differences between public and professional understanding of the field of environmental health EH and the role of EH services within urban and rural communities. This study investigated EH priority differences between 1 rural and urban residents and 2 residents and EH professionals, and presents quantitative and qualitative methods for establishing locality-specific EH priorities. We categorized rurality of participant residences by rural—urban commuting area codes and population density, and tested whether or not EH priorities were different between urban and rural residents. Built environment issues, particularly abandoned houses, and air pollution were high priorities for urban residents—whereas, water and sanitation issues, and paper mill-related pollution were high priorities in rural communities. EH professionals ranked food safety and water and sanitation issues as higher priorities than residents did. Results highlight the importance of urbanicity on environmental risk perception and the utility of simple and inexpensive engagement methods for understanding these differences. Differences between residents and EH professionals suggest improving stakeholder participation in local-level EH decision making might lead to greater awareness of EH services, which might in turn improve support and effectiveness of those services.
Environmental Effects on Public Health: An Economic Perspective
The goal of the effort was to educate students about mercury in their community and the effects of mercury on human health. Our hope is that other schools will find these activities useful. See the project web site for more information.
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Стратмор кивнул. Ему не нужно было напоминать, что произойдет, если три миллиона процессоров перегреются и воспламенятся. Коммандеру нужно было подняться к себе в кабинет и отключить ТРАНСТЕКСТ, пока никто за пределами шифровалки не заметил этой угрожающей ситуации и не отправил людей им на помощь. Стратмор бросил взгляд на лежавшего в беспамятстве Хейла, положил беретту на столик рядом со Сьюзан и крикнул, перекрывая вой сирены: - Я сейчас вернусь! - Исчезая через разбитое стекло стены Третьего узла, он громко повторил: - Найди ключ. Поиски ключа не дали никаких результатов.